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General Operating Requirements
1. General Operating Requirements for All Solid Waste Facilities
Pursuant to N. LT.A.C. 7:26-2.11 the facility must be operated in compliance with the following general operating requirements:
(a) within each 24-liour period the operator shall clean each area where waste has been deposited or stored.
(b) No waste shall be stored overnight at the facility without effective treatment to prevent odors associated with putrefaction.
(c) Facility property surrounding the actual disposal area shall be maintained free of litter, debris, and accumulations of unprocessed waste, process residues and effluents. Methods of effectively controlling wind-blown papers and other lightweight materials such as fencing shall be implemented at the facility.
(d) Methods of effectively controlling dust shall be implemented at the facility in order to prevent offsite migration.
(e) The operation of the facility shall not result in air contaminants to be emitted in violation of N.J.A.C. 7:27-5.2(a).
(f) The operator shall maintain all facility systems and related appurtenances in a manner that facilitates proper operation and minimizes system downtime. When requested, the operator of the facility shall furnish proof that provisions have been made for the repair and replacement of equipment that becomes inoperative.
(g) An adequate water supply and adequate fire-fighting equipment shall be maintained at the facility or be readily available to extinguish any and all types of fires. Fire-fighting procedures as delineated in the approved 0 and M manual, including the telephone numbers of local fire, police, ambulance and hospital facilities, shall be posted in and around the facility at all times.
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(h) The operator shall effectively control Insects, other arthropods and rodents at the facility by means of a program in compliance with the requirements of the New Jersey Pesticide Control Code, N.J.A.C. 7:30, and implemented by an applicator of pesticides, certified in accordance with the New Jersey Pesticide Control Code, N.J.A.C. 7:30.
(i) The operator shall at all times comply with the conditions of the SWF permit, as well as all other permits or certificates required and issued by the Department or any other governmental agency. The operator shall not receive, store, handle, process or dispose of waste types not specifically identified in the SWF permit or other permit or certificate issued by the Department.
(j) The operator shall maintain a record of the quantity of each authorized waste type accepted for disposal, in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.13 and 3.2.
(k) Departmental inspectors shall have the right to enter and inspect any building or other portion of the facility, at any time. This right to inspect includes, but is not limited to:
1. Sampling any materials on site;
2. Photographing any portion of the facility;
3. Investigating an actual or suspected source of pollution of the environment;
4. Ascertaining compliance or non-compliance with any statutes, rules, or regulations of the Department, including conditions of the SWF permit or other permit or certificate issued by the Department; or
5. Reviewing and copying all applicable records, which shall be furnished upon request and made available at all reasonable times for inspection.
(l) The quantity of waste receeived by the facility operator shall not exceed the system's designed handling, storage, processing or disposal capacity as identified in the SWF permit or other permit certificate. The designed processing and disposal capacity approved within the solid waste facility permit, or any other permit certificate or approval conditions as a ton per day operational maximum shall be inclusive of all solid waste received at the facility as well as all tonnages
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of source separated recyclables received.
(m) The facility shall be operated in a manner that employs the use of the equipment and those techniques for the receipt, storage, handling, processing or disposal of incoming waste and process residues that are specifically authorized by the SWF permit.
(n) The operator shall provide a means of removing mud, solid waste or other debris from the tires of all vehicles. Vehicle tires shall be cleaned prior to the vehicle's departure from the facility's boundaries.
(o) The approved final 0 and M manual shall be maintained at the facility. A written description of any proposed changes to the approved, final 0 and M manual shall be submitted to the Department for review. These proposed changes should not be implemented at the facility until the Department approves the changes.
2. General Operating Requirements for Class II Sanitary Landfills
All Class II sanitary landfills shall be operated in accordance with the requirements set forth in N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.8, and the following additional operational, maintenance, inspection and monitoring requirements set forth in N.J.A.C. 7:26-2A.8.
The sanitary landfill shall be operated in accordance with the following additional minimum requirements:
(a) Working Face
1. All waste shall be thoroughly compacted throughout the operational day to yield the smallest practical volume;
2. Solid waste shall be compacted in shallow layers. The layers should be less than two feet in thickness and should be compacted with a minimum of four passes of the compaction equipment. Sanitary landfill equipment shall be prohibited from operating over leachate collection pipes until a minimum of five feet of refuse has been mounded over and around the pipe;
3. The lift height of the daily cell, as measured vertically from the previous day's cover surface, shall not exceed 12 feet;
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4. The slope of the working face shall be maintained so as to maximize compaction of the solid waste and minimize infiltration into the solid waste. The slope shall be no steeper than three horizontals to one vertical (3:1).
(b) Intermediate and Final Cover
1. Intermediate cover, a minimum of 12 inches of cover material, shall be applied to all surfaces to be exposed for any period exceeding 24 hours (Please refer to Section III, Condition 5(a) of this permit);
2. The grade and thickness of the final cover material on all surfaces shall be maintained until stabilized. All cracks, erosion swales, rills and uneven areas shall be maintained to prevent extrusion of solid waste and to minimize infiltration and ponded water;
3. All areas shall be graded so as to facilitate drainage of run-off to the surface drainage system and minimize infiltration and ponded water;
4. Heavy clays and very fine grain materials, such as fly ash, shall not be used as daily and intermediate cover. The daily and intermediate cover material should be of a quality that is manageable under all weather conditions. A sufficient quantity of cover material shall be at the site to adequately meet the requirements of (b)l and (b)2 above. For landfills without on-site supplies of cover material, a standby supply for cover material equal to 25 percent of the volume of waste received and compacted at the landfill in 10 normal disposal days shall be stored within the boundaries of the landfill property;
5. Final cover constructed in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-2A.7(i) shall be applied to all surfaces where the final approved elevation has been reached and to all surfaces when the landfill operation is terminated;
6. There shall be sufficient types of quantities of equipment for digging, spreading, compacting or covering waste or applying cover material to adequately meet the requirements of (b) 1 through 4
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above, to ensure a smooth flow of traffic at the working face and to achieve the maximum compaction efficiencies;
7. Sanitary landfill equipment shall be equipped with hand-portable fire extinguishers of a multipurpose dry chemical type, an automatic fire suppression system, and rollover protection structures and any other safety equipment required by the occupational Health and Safety Administration standards; and
8. In case of breakdown of the equipment required by (b)6 above, the permittee shall repair the equipment or obtain replacement equipment within 24 hours after breakdown. Unless sufficient types and quantities of replacement equipment meeting the requirements of (b)6 above are available on-site, written maintenance contracts with a local equipment dealer shall be in force at all times. A copy of the contract shall be submitted with the 0 and M Manual to verify compliance with this requirement.
1. Access to the sanitary landfill for solid waste disposal shall be permitted only during the operating hours set by the Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste Management and shall be restricted to 7:00 A.M. to 7:00 P.M. in areas within 1000 feet of a residential zone; and
2. The sanitary landfill shall have an entrance gate that can be locked to prevent unauthorized entry into the facility.
1. Dust control shall be effected by the spraying of water or the spreading of calcium chloride or an equivalent approved by the Department, as needed Spraying of waste oil is prohibited;
2. The sanitary landfill shall not cause any air contaminant to be emitted in violation of N.J.A.C.7:27-5.2(a). Malodorous emissions shall be controlled by the use of daily cover. In the event that this is not satisfactory, a suitable deodorant shall be used. Malodorous solid waste shall be covered immediately after unloading with
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a minimum of six inches of cover material or approved alternative material;
3. The sanitary landfill shall be operated in a manner which minimizes the propagation and harborage of insects, rodents, and birds;
4. The sanitary landfill shall be operated in a manner that will protect all monitoring devices and environmental systems from damage. Any damage shall be immediately reported to the Department hot line 1(877) WARNDEP;
5. Any monitoring device or environmental control system which is damaged so as to impair the proper operation of the monitoring device or environmental control system shall be reconstructed in accordance with the following:
i. The operator shall repair the monitoring device or environmental system in accordance with the plans and schedule approved by the Department; and
ii. The Department may require immediate remedial action for repair of the damaged monitoring device or environmental control system should such damage endanger human health or the environment.
6. The sanitary landfill shall be operated in a manner which will facilitate the filling of each section to final grade and which will minimize the operational phase of each section, and
7. An all weather road shall be provided to the working face.
(e) Facility Staffing
1. An adequate number of qualified personnel shall be at the sanitary landfill to maintain the smooth flow of traffic at the sanitary landfill and to operate the sanitary landfill in a manner that is in compliance with the requirements of the Solid Waste Management Act, N.J.S.A. 13:1E-1 et seq., N.J.A.C. 7:26, and the conditions of this SWP permit; and
2. A supervisor shall be at the sanitary landfill during all operating hours to ensure proper
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operation of the sanitary landfill, to evaluate the monitoring data and inspection reports, to determine the performance of the sanitary landfill and to direct and implement all operational decisions to ensure the facility's compliance with the requirements of the Solid Waste Management Act, N.J.S.A. 13:lE-1 et seq., N.J.A.C. 7:26, and the conditions of this SWF permit.
(f) Facility Personnel Training
1. All sanitary landfill personnel who are involved in waste management activities or who operate, service or monitor any facility equipment, machinery or system, shall complete a program of on-the-job training which shall include, at a minimum, the following:
i. The training program shall be directed by a person thoroughly familiar with the technology being utilized at the facility and the conditions of this SWF permit;
ii. The training shall include instruction in the operation and maintenance of the equipment, machinery and systems which facility personnel must operate service or monitor in the course of their daily job duties. The training shall instruct facility personnel in the performance of their duties in a manner that ensures the facility's compliance with requirements of the Solid Wast Management Act, N.J.S.A. 13:lE-1 et seq., N.J.A.C. 7:26, and the conditions of this SWF permit;
iii. The training program shall ensure that the facility personnel are able to effectively respond to any equipment malfunction or emergency situation that may arise;
iv. The training program shall provide instruction in the use of safety and emergency equipment and the use of communication or alarm systems; and
v. The training program shall provide instruction in the procedures for emergency response for sanitary landfill fires or explosions, gas leaks, leachate treatment system failure or leaks, detention basin
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breaches or other emergencies and shall include procedures to shut down operations.
2. The sanitary landfill facility personnel shall complete the initial training program required by (g)l above within six months after the date of their employment;
3. The sanitary landfill facility personnel shall take part in an annual update of the initial training program; and
4. Training records that document the type and amount of training received by current facility personnel shall be kept until closure of the sanitary landfill.
(g) Emergency Actions
1. The following actions shall be implemented in the case of an emergency:
i, The supervisor or emergency coordinator shall immediately identify the character, exact source, amount and extent of any discharged materials and notify appropriate State or local agencie s with designated response roles if their help is needed;
ii . Concurrently, the supervisor or emergency coordinator shall assess possible hazards to public health or the environment that may result from the discharge, fire or explosion. This assessment shall consider both direct and indirect effects;
iii . If the supervisor or emergency coordinator determines that the facility has had an uncontrolled discharge, a discharge above standard levels permitted by the Department, or afire or explosion, he or she shall:
(1) Immediately notify appropriate local authorities if the assessment indicates that evacuation of local areas may be advisable;
(2) Immediately notify the Department at 1(877) WARNDEP ; and
(3) when notifying the Department, report
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the type of substance and the estimated quantity discharged, if known, the location of the discharge, actions the person reporting the discharge is currently taking or proposing to take in order to mitigate the discharge and any other information concerning the incident which the Department may request at the time of-notification.
iv. The supervisor shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that fires, explosion and discharges do not recur or spread to other areas of the facility. These measure shall include, where applicable, the cessation of operations and the collection and containment of released waste;
v. Immediately after an emergency, the supervisor or emergency coordinator shall provide for treating, storing or disposing of waste, contaminated soil or water or any other material contaminated as a result of the discharge, fire or explosion;
vi. The supervisor or emergency coordinator shall ensure that no waste is processed until cleanup procedures are completed and all emergency equipment listed in the contingency plan is again fit for its intended use;
vii. The supervisor or emergency coordinate shall notify the Department and appropriate local authorities when operations in the affected area of the facility have returned to normal; and
viii. Within 15 days after the incident, the supervisor or emergency coordinator shall submit a written report on the incident to the Department. The report shall include, but not be limited to:
(1) The name, address, and telephone number of the facility;
(2) The date, time and description of the incident;
(3) The extent of injuries, if applicable, with names and responsibilities
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(4) An assessment of actual damage to the environment, if applicable;
(5) An assessment of the scope and magnitude of the incident;
(6) A description of the immediate actions that have been initiated to clean up the affected area and prevent a recurrence of a similar incident; and
(7) An implementation schedule for undertaking longer term measures to effect cleanup and avoid recurrence of the incident, if applicable.
(h) On-Site Baseline
1. An on-site baseline consisting of two vertical and horizontal control monuments shall be constructed and installed in accordance with the Map Filing Law, N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.9 et seq., and the Department 's specifications in the "Guidelines for Establishing Vertical and Horizontal Control Monuments on Sanitary Landfills" available from the Division of Solid Waste Management, Office of Permitting and Technical Programs;
2. The control monuments shall be installed with, at a minimum, second Order accuracy in accordance with the "Classification, Standards of Accuracy, and General Specifications of Geodetic Control Survey", published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1980; and
3. The control monuments shall be tied into the national or state geodetic survey network and keyed into the North American Datum of 1983.
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